नेपाल सरकार

स्वास्थ्य तथा जनसङ्ख्या मन्त्रालय

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वीरगन्ज, नेपाल


Surgery is a branch of medicine that involves the use of manual and instrumental techniques to diagnose and treat medical conditions and injuries through operative procedures. Surgeons are medical doctors who specialize in performing surgical procedures. Surgery can encompass a wide range of medical disciplines and procedures, including:

General Surgery: General surgeons are trained to perform a variety of surgical procedures on different parts of the body. They commonly deal with conditions such as appendicitis, gallbladder diseases, hernias, and abdominal surgeries.

Orthopedic Surgery: Orthopedic surgeons specialize in the treatment of musculoskeletal disorders, including bone fractures, joint injuries, arthritis, and spinal conditions. They may perform surgeries such as joint replacements, spinal fusions, and fracture repairs.

Cardiac Surgery: Cardiac surgeons perform surgical procedures on the heart and blood vessels. This includes coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), valve repair or replacement, and heart transplant surgery.

Neurosurgery: Neurosurgeons focus on surgical treatments for conditions of the nervous system, including the brain and spinal cord. They may perform brain tumor removal, spinal surgery, and procedures to treat neurological conditions.

Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery: Plastic surgeons perform procedures to improve or reconstruct physical appearance. This can include cosmetic surgeries like breast augmentation, facelifts, and rhinoplasty, as well as reconstructive procedures following trauma or cancer surgery.

Gynecological Surgery: Gynecologic surgeons specialize in procedures related to the female reproductive system. Common surgeries include hysterectomy, ovarian surgery, and surgeries to treat conditions like endometriosis.

Urologic Surgery: Urologists perform surgeries related to the urinary tract and male reproductive system. This includes procedures for kidney stones, prostate surgery, and treatment of urinary incontinence.

Ophthalmic Surgery: Ophthalmic surgeons, or ophthalmologists, perform eye surgeries such as cataract removal, LASIK vision correction, and procedures to treat glaucoma or retinal disorders.

Ear, Nose, and Throat (ENT) Surgery: Otolaryngologists, or ENT surgeons, specialize in surgeries involving the ear, nose, throat, and related structures. This can include tonsillectomies, sinus surgeries, and ear tube placements.

Transplant Surgery: Transplant surgeons are involved in the transplantation of organs such as the heart, liver, kidney, and lungs. These procedures are often life-saving for patients with organ failure.

Minimally Invasive Surgery: Many surgical procedures can now be performed using minimally invasive techniques, which involve smaller incisions, less tissue damage, and shorter recovery times. Examples include laparoscopic surgery and robotic-assisted surgery.

Pediatric Surgery: Pediatric surgeons specialize in treating surgical conditions in infants, children, and adolescents. They may perform surgeries to correct congenital anomalies, remove tumors, or address other pediatric surgical needs.

Surgery is a critical component of modern medicine, and it plays a crucial role in diagnosing and treating various medical conditions and injuries. Surgical procedures have advanced significantly over the years, resulting in improved patient outcomes, reduced recovery times, and enhanced precision. Surgeons work closely with other healthcare professionals to provide comprehensive care to patients.

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वरिष्ठ परामर्शदाता सर्जन

HOD of Gen. Surgery