नेपाल सरकार

स्वास्थ्य तथा जनसङ्ख्या मन्त्रालय

नारायणी अस्पताल

वीरगन्ज, नेपाल


Pediatrics is a branch of medicine that specializes in the healthcare of infants, children, adolescents, and young adults. Pediatricians are medical doctors who are trained to provide medical care, diagnosis, treatment, and preventive services for pediatric patients. This field focuses on the unique healthcare needs and development of young individuals. Here are some key aspects of pediatrics:

Well-Child Care: Pediatricians provide routine well-child check-ups and screenings to monitor a child's growth, development, and overall health. These visits include vaccinations, developmental assessments, and health education for parents.

Preventive Care: Pediatricians emphasize preventive medicine by addressing issues like immunizations, nutrition, safety, and early detection of developmental delays or behavioral problems.

Acute Care: Pediatricians diagnose and treat acute illnesses and injuries in children, such as infections (e.g., ear infections, strep throat), respiratory conditions (e.g., asthma), and injuries (e.g., fractures, sprains).

Chronic Conditions: They manage chronic health conditions that affect children, including asthma, diabetes, epilepsy, allergies, and autoimmune disorders.

Developmental Pediatrics: Developmental pediatricians specialize in assessing and treating developmental and behavioral issues in children, including autism spectrum disorders, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and learning disabilities.

Neonatology: Neonatologists care for premature infants and newborns with complex medical conditions in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs).

Adolescent Medicine: Pediatricians who specialize in adolescent medicine focus on the unique healthcare needs of teenagers and young adults, including issues related to puberty, mental health, sexual health, and substance abuse.

Childhood Vaccinations: Pediatricians play a crucial role in administering childhood vaccines to protect children from infectious diseases.

Pediatric Surgery: Pediatric surgeons specialize in performing surgical procedures on children, including corrective surgeries for congenital conditions and other pediatric surgical needs.

Child Advocacy: Pediatricians often serve as advocates for children's health and well-being, both within the healthcare system and in the community. They may be involved in public health initiatives, policy development, and child protection efforts.

Allied Health Professionals: In addition to pediatricians, pediatric care teams may include nurse practitioners, physician assistants, nurses, and child life specialists to provide comprehensive care.

Family-Centered Care: Pediatricians often take a family-centered approach, recognizing that the health and well-being of a child are closely connected to the family's dynamics and support.

Pediatrics is a vital field of medicine, ensuring that children receive appropriate care and support during their formative years. Pediatric healthcare professionals aim to promote healthy development, prevent illness and injury, and provide compassionate care to children and their families. Regular pediatric check-ups and vaccinations are essential for monitoring and maintaining the health of children as they grow and develop.

डा.शैलेश ठाकुर
डा.शैलेश ठाकुर

प्रमुख परामर्शदाता बाल रोग विशेषज्ञ

HOD of Pediatric