नेपाल सरकार

स्वास्थ्य तथा जनसङ्ख्या मन्त्रालय

नारायणी अस्पताल

वीरगन्ज, नेपाल

नाक कान घाँटी

ENT stands for Ear, Nose, and Throat, and it refers to the medical specialty that focuses on the diagnosis and treatment of disorders related to the ear, nose, throat, head, and neck. Medical professionals who specialize in this field are known as otolaryngologists or ENT doctors. Here are some key aspects of ENT medicine:

Ear: ENT specialists diagnose and treat various ear-related conditions, including hearing loss, ear infections, tinnitus (ringing in the ears), balance disorders, and congenital ear abnormalities. They may also perform surgical procedures on the ear, such as tympanoplasty (eardrum repair) and cochlear implantation.

Nose: ENT doctors address issues involving the nose, such as sinusitis (inflammation of the sinuses), nasal polyps, deviated septum, and nasal allergies. They can perform surgeries like septoplasty (to correct a deviated septum) and endoscopic sinus surgery.

Throat: Disorders of the throat, including tonsillitis, throat infections, vocal cord disorders, and swallowing difficulties, fall under the purview of ENT specialists. They may perform surgeries like tonsillectomies or vocal cord surgery to treat these conditions.

Head and Neck: ENT doctors also treat conditions related to the head and neck region, which can include head and neck cancers, salivary gland disorders, thyroid disorders, and neck masses. Surgical procedures may be necessary to remove tumors or address other issues in this area.

Audiology: Many ENT practices have audiologists on staff to assess and manage hearing-related issues. Audiologists can perform hearing tests, fit hearing aids, and provide rehabilitative services for individuals with hearing impairments.

Allergy and Immunotherapy: Some ENT specialists offer allergy testing and treatment for allergic conditions that affect the ear, nose, and throat. Immunotherapy, such as allergy shots, may be recommended.

Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery: Some ENT doctors have additional training in facial plastic and reconstructive surgery. They can perform cosmetic and reconstructive procedures, including rhinoplasty (nose surgery), facelifts, and facial trauma reconstruction.

Sleep Medicine: Sleep disorders, such as sleep apnea and snoring, can be related to ENT issues. ENT specialists may evaluate and treat these conditions, sometimes using surgical procedures like uvulopalatopharyngoplasty (UPPP) or continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy.

Pediatric ENT: Pediatric otolaryngologists specialize in diagnosing and treating ENT conditions in children. This can include issues like recurrent ear infections, tonsillitis, and congenital abnormalities.

Voice and Swallowing Disorders: ENT doctors assess and treat voice and swallowing disorders, including hoarseness, vocal cord nodules, and dysphagia (difficulty swallowing). They may recommend voice therapy or surgical intervention when necessary.

ENT specialists work in a variety of healthcare settings, including private practices, hospitals, and academic medical centers. They provide comprehensive care for patients with conditions affecting the ear, nose, throat, and related structures, often collaborating with other healthcare professionals to ensure the best possible outcomes for their patients.