नेपाल सरकार

स्वास्थ्य तथा जनसङ्ख्या मन्त्रालय

नारायणी अस्पताल

वीरगन्ज, नेपाल

सामान्य चिकित्सा

Medicine in a hospital setting refers to the practice of diagnosing, treating, and caring for patients who are admitted to a hospital due to illness, injury, or the need for medical procedures. Hospitals are critical healthcare institutions where a wide range of medical services are provided. Here are some key aspects of medicine in a hospital:

Patient Care: Hospitals are primarily dedicated to providing care to patients. This care can encompass a wide variety of medical conditions, from minor injuries to severe illnesses. Medical teams, including doctors, nurses, and other healthcare professionals, work together to assess patients, develop treatment plans, and administer care.

Emergency Care: Hospitals have emergency departments (ERs) to handle critical and life-threatening situations. This includes treating patients with injuries, heart attacks, strokes, and other acute conditions that require immediate attention.

Diagnosis and Testing: Hospitals are equipped with advanced diagnostic equipment, such as X-ray machines, CT scanners, MRI machines, and laboratory facilities. These tools help healthcare providers accurately diagnose medical conditions.

Treatment and Surgery: Hospitals provide a wide range of treatments, including medications, surgeries, and various medical procedures. Surgical departments are equipped with operating rooms where surgeries are performed, ranging from routine procedures to complex surgeries.

Intensive Care Units (ICUs): Hospitals have ICUs dedicated to caring for critically ill patients. These units are staffed by specialized medical teams and equipped with advanced monitoring and life-support equipment.

Ward Care: For patients who do not require intensive care, hospitals have medical wards or units where patients receive ongoing treatment and observation. These units may specialize in areas like pediatrics, cardiology, or orthopedics.

Specialized Services: Many hospitals offer specialized medical services such as obstetrics and gynecology (maternity care), oncology (cancer treatment), neurology (brain and nervous system care), and more.

Rehabilitation: Some hospitals have rehabilitation departments to help patients recover and regain their physical or cognitive functions after injuries or surgeries. This includes physical therapy, occupational therapy, and speech therapy.

Palliative and End-of-Life Care: Hospitals also provide palliative care for patients with serious illnesses and end-of-life care for those in the terminal stages of their conditions. These services focus on pain management, comfort, and emotional support.

Infection Control: Hospitals have strict infection control measures in place to prevent the spread of diseases within the facility. This includes protocols for hand hygiene, isolation rooms for contagious patients, and the use of personal protective equipment (PPE).

Medical Records: Hospitals maintain electronic or paper-based medical records for each patient, documenting their medical history, diagnoses, treatments, and progress.

Medical Research and Education: Many teaching hospitals are involved in medical research and education, where medical students, residents, and fellows gain practical experience while contributing to advancements in healthcare.

Hospitals play a vital role in the healthcare system, providing comprehensive medical care to individuals in need and serving as hubs for medical research, education, and emergency response. They are essential in addressing a wide range of medical conditions and ensuring the well-being of patients.

डा. अरुण कुमार कर्ण
डा. अरुण कुमार कर्ण

वरिष्ठ परामर्शदाता चिकित्सक

HOD of Gen. Medicine